You might have noticed that the chances for your stomach to get upset while travelling to the developing countries in continents such as Africa, Middle East, Asia, and Latin America is very high. It is seen that the food and the water provided at these places might not be entirely clean due to the improper handling of it. The vendors, if they do not wash their hands after using the bathroom, can spread bacteria that can result in conditions such as traveler’s diarrhoea. It is an infection that affects the stomach and intestine and results in the passage of unformed stools.
One of the most common bacteria that result in the development of the condition is E.coli. Traveller’s diarrhoea can be tackled by the usage of only bottled drinking water and also eat only clean and properly cooked food. About twenty to fifty percent of people who travel to the developing countries are found to be affected by the condition due to the indulgence in unclean food and water. Antibiotics can usually cure the condition but in severe cases, hospitalization is needed. Usual cases of traveler’s diarrhoea pass in four days but the severe condition can last for about a week if not treated. The risk of being affected by traveler’s diarrhoea is also there in China, Russia, and Southern Europe. The condition can result in the accompaniment of fever, bloating, abdominal cramps, nausea, and occasionally bloody stool. The following are the risk factors associated with traveller’s diarrhoea.
Food and water contaminated by faeces
Traveller’s diarrhoea is affected on men and women equally. The attack rates are found to be the same. The most common way of being infected by the condition is seen to be when the food and water contaminated by faeces is ingested in a person’s body. You should know what to eat if you have a diarrhoea while travelling.
Destination of the traveller
One of the major factors is the destination of the traveler. Some of the places that possess the higher risk of the infection are the developing countries.
Drinking untreated water
The risk increases in backpackers who resort to drinking water from the surface that is untreated.
Not maintaining personal hygiene
It is also not easy to maintain personal hygiene and a clean cooking place for a person who is backpacking. The sanitation facilities are usually of the worst kind in campsites and tents, leading to the increased risk of being affected by the condition.
People with particular medical conditions
People who have inflammatory bowel disease, who are immunosuppressed, and have the condition of diabetes are at a higher risk of being affected by the condition.
One other thing that can be noticed among the places where the risk of traveller’s diarrhoea is that the locals living there are not affected by the condition even after eating food and water that are contaminated by the bacteria or virus. This is due to their immunity against the condition. They develop the immunity due to constant exposure to it and the time taken to develop this immunity varies from person to person.